Complexity of Human Tooth Enamel Revealed at Atomic Level in NIH-Funded Study

Unprecedented details of enamel structure may point to new ways to prevent or halt cavities.

Scientists used a combination of advanced microscopy and chemical detection techniques to uncover the structural makeup of human tooth enamel at unprecedented atomic resolution, revealing lattice patterns and unexpected irregularities.… Read full story

Garland Ventures LTD Voluntary Recalls Five Cheese Stuffed Shells Because of Possible Health Risk

Garland Ventures Ltd of Garland, Texas is voluntary recalling 1095 cases of Five Cheese Stuffed Shells trays because they have the potential to be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes, an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems.… Read full story

NIH Study Shows Genomic Variation Causing Common Autoinflammatory Disease may Increase Resilience to Bubonic Plague

Genomic variants that cause common periodic fever have spread in Mediterranean populations over centuries, potentially protecting people from the plague.

Researchers have discovered that Mediterranean populations may be more susceptible to an autoinflammatory disease because of evolutionary pressure to survive the bubonic plague. … Read full story

NIH Study Finds out why Some Words may be More Memorable Than Others

Thousands of words, big and small, are crammed inside our memory banks just waiting to be swiftly withdrawn and strung into sentences. In a recent study of epilepsy patients and healthy volunteers, National Institutes of Health researchers found that our brains may withdraw some common words, like “pig,” “tank,” and “door,” much more often than others, including “cat,” “street,” and “stair.”… Read full story

Faster Processing Makes Cutting-Edge Fluorescence Microscopy More Accessible

NIH researchers put complex, high-resolution data within reach for many more scientists.

Scientists have developed new image processing techniques for microscopes that can reduce post-processing time up to several thousand-fold. The researchers are from the National Institutes of Health with collaborators at the University of Chicago and Zhejiang University, China.… Read full story

AI Dual-Stain Approach Improved Accuracy, Efficiency of Cervical Cancer Screening in NIH Study

In a new study, a computer algorithm improved the accuracy and efficiency of cervical cancer screening compared with cytology (Pap test), the current standard for follow-up of women who test positive with primary human papillomavirus (HPV) screening. The new approach uses artificial intelligence (AI) to automate dual-stain evaluation and has clear implications for clinical care.… Read full story

NIH-Funded Study to Recruit Thousands of Participants to Reveal Exercise Impact at the Molecular Level

In the largest exercise research program of its kind, researchers are poised to collect and turn data from nearly 2,600 volunteers into comprehensive maps of the molecular changes in the body due to exercise. It is well known that physical activity has substantial health benefits, but we do not fully understand why, especially at the molecular level.… Read full story

Getting Smarter About Food Safety: The Pandemic and Lessons Learned

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the experts at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration have learned valuable lessons that will help shape our work to create a more digital, transparent and safer food system for you and your family.

In the coming weeks, the FDA will be rolling out the blueprint for the New Era of Smarter Food Safety, which lays out how we will use technology and modern approaches over the next decade to strengthen the ways we approach the safety of the nation’s food supply, every day and in times of crisis.… Read full story